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UNESCO and the Malian government are strengthening the conservation of the ancient Timbuktu Manuscripts, in close cooperation with the Communities (in French)

Unesco Most Programme - Thu, 02/01/2018 - 18:14
manuscritstombouctou.jpg © UNESCO

Après notamment la sacralisation des mausolées reconstruits le 04 février 2016, la réinstallation de la porte secrète de Sidi Yahia, le 19 septembre 2016, l’UNESCO a organisé ce lundi 29 janvier 2018 à Tombouctou, en collaboration avec la MINUSMA et le Ministère de la Culture et à travers la Mission Culturelle de Tombouctou, la cérémonie de remise des clés de trois bibliothèques des manuscrits anciens (Mohamed Tahar, Fondo Kati, Mama Haïdara) et du bloc des toilettes et ablutions de la grande mosquée de Djingareyber réhabilitées dans le cadre du programme de réhabilitation du patrimoine culturel et de sauvegarde des manuscrits anciens.

Ladite cérémonie a eu lieu en présence du Chef du Bureau de l’UNESCO à Bamako, Représentant de l’UNESCO au Mali, Monsieur Hervé HUOT-MARCHAND, et s’est déroulée respectivement devant le bloc des toilettes de la Mosquée de Djingareyber et dans le patio de la Bibliothèque Mohamed TAHAR, à la grande satisfaction des bénéficiaires.

Il faut noter que cette cérémonie avait une importance capitale pour l’UNESCO, c’est pourquoi le Chef du Bureau de l’UNESCO a tenu à remettre officiellement aux familles bénéficiaires les clés des bibliothèques réhabilitées et cela malgré la situation sécuritaire précaire de la zone, preuve de l’attachement de l’UNESCO et sa détermination dans la poursuite des travaux de réhabilitation à Tombouctou.

La cérémonie s’est déroulée également en présence du représentant du Gouverneur, M. Moïse DABOU, préfet, du Maire de Tombouctou, M. Aboubacrime CISSE, du Chef du Bureau MINUSMA de Tombouctou, M. Riccardo Maia, du Grand Imam de Tombouctou, du porte-parole du grand Iman de Djingareyber, des notables, des chefs religieux de la ville, des Directeurs régionaux des services Techniques, des promoteurs des bibliothèques des manuscrits anciens réhabilitées, des Chefs de quartiers de Tombouctou, de la corporation des maçons, des représentants des entreprises en charge des travaux, et de la presse entre autres.

M. le Maire a salué la Délégation de l’UNESCO et du Bureau de la MINUSMA de Tombouctou. Il a remercié l’UNESCO et ses partenaires pour les actions entreprises à Tombouctou dans le cadre de la sauvegarde et la valorisation de l’héritage culturel de la cité des 333 Saints. La réhabilitation du patrimoine culturel a permis aux communautés de Tombouctou de retrouver leur identité et de créer des emplois. « Dans sa vocation à accompagner durablement les actions de l’UNESCO à Tombouctou, un jeune a été recruté par la Mairie pour la gestion du musée municipal qui sera encadré par les experts de l’UNESCO », a souligné en outre M. CISSE. « Vive la ville de Tombouctou, vive la paix à Tombouctou ! », a-t-il conclu.

Pour sa part, le Chef de la Mission Culturelle de Tombouctou, M. El-Boukhari Ben ESSAYOUTI, a salué l’UNESCO et la MINUSMA pour leur engagement auprès de la ville sainte de Tombouctou. Il a expliqué aux participants les processus de financement du projet de réhabilitation des toilettes et ablutions de la mosquée de Djingareyber, qui a nécessité beaucoup de travail afin de répondre aux exigences du programme « QIPs » (fonds pour les projets à impacts rapides) de la MINUSMA.

Le porte-parole du grand Imam de la grande mosquée de Djingareyber a remercié la MINUSMA d’avoir financée intégralement les travaux de réhabilitation des toilettes et ablutions de la mosquée et l’UNESCO pour son appui technique d’expertise au regard des normes du Patrimoine mondial. Il s’est dit très satisfait des travaux réalisés.

Le représentant des bénéficiaires des Bibliothèques réhabilitées, M. Haïdara, a remercié l’UNESCO au nom des responsables des Bibliothèques Mohamed Tahar, Fondo Kati et Mamma Haïdara, d’avoir porté judicieusement ses choix sur leurs bâtiments. « Nous sommes satisfaits de la qualité des travaux réalisés et nous allons nous battre auprès des partenaires, dont l’ONG SAVAMA-DCI, pour l’aménagement et l’équipement des bâtiments en matériels de numérisation et d’exposition des manuscrits », a-t-il précisé.

Quant au Chef du Bureau de l’UNESCO à Bamako, M. Hervé HUOT-MARCHAND, il a salué les notables et les autorités locales, et a souligné que « la cérémonie qui nous réunit ici n’est pas la première et ne sera pas la dernière, avec la volonté ferme de notre nouvelle Directrice générale, Mme Audrey Azoulay ».

Il a noté que les travaux de réhabilitation de ces trois (3) Bibliothèques ont pallié à d’autres préoccupations de la ville au delà de la protection des manuscrits, tels que la création de nombreux emplois, un cadre adapté pour la conservation des manuscrits, et l’harmonisation des bâtiments avec le paysage architectural de la ville.

Le Chef du Bureau s’est réjoui de la qualité du travail accompli, et a félicité l’ensemble de l’équipe pour les résultats obtenus. Il a remercié l’Union européenne et la Coopération Suisse pour leur appui financier, et la MINUSMA ainsi que le Ministère de la Culture, à travers sa Mission Culturelle, pour leur franche collaboration et de leur disponibilité constante au côté du Bureau de l’UNESCO de Bamako. Par la même occasion, l’UNESCO a félicité les familles détentrices des bibliothèques Mamma Haidara, Fondo Kati et MohamedTahar, et les a appelé à faire bon usage des locaux et à ne rien ménager pour la conservation en attendant le retour des manuscrits.

Monsieur Riccardo Maia, le Chef du Bureau MINUSMA de Tombouctou, a salué le public et particulièrement le grand Imam de la mosquée, avec qui la MINUSMA entretient de très bonnes relations, et l’UNESCO. Avant de se réjouir du résultat des travaux de réhabilitation de l’ablution, il a demandé une franche collaboration de la population dans la quête de la paix, sans laquelle le patrimoine ne sera pas valorisé. Dans ce sens, il a assuré la population de la disponibilité de la MINUSMA à leur côté.

Le représentant du Gouverneur a remercié les partenaires, l’UNESCO et la MINUSMA pour leur attention particulière au Patrimoine mondial de la ville de Tombouctou.

A la suite de la cérémonie de remise de clés, le Chef du Bureau de l’UNESCO à Bamako M. Hervé HUOT-MARCHAND a lancé officiellement, au musée municipal de Tombouctou, les travaux de réhabilitation et de revitalisation des collections des musées de Tombouctou en présence du Représentant du Maire de la commune urbaine de Tombouctou. La Délégation a également visité la bibliothèque ESSAYOUTI dont les manuscrits sont en cours de numérisation ; l’atelier de broderie de l’association LASSALTEREY dont la rénovation du bâtiment et son équipement a été entièrement financé par l’UNESCO dans le cadre du programme de réhabilitation du patrimoine culturel ; le chantier de reconstruction du monument Al-Farouk et d’aménagement de la place de l’indépendance de Tombouctou.

Categories: News

Education and Africa : Twin Priorities of UNESCO Director-General at Education Funding Conference in Dakar

Unesco Most Programme - Thu, 02/01/2018 - 14:17
girls-womens-education-prize-copyright-un-l-abassi.jpg © UNESCO 01 February 2018

The Director-General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay is in Senegal from 1 to 3 February on the occasion of the Financing Conference of the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) taking place in Dakar. It is the first visit to Africa of the Director-General illustrating the priority of the education sector and the cross cutting priority given to the African continent.

UNESCO is the United Nations agency in charge of coordinating efforts worldwide to provide universal quality education by 2030 of which the Global Partnership for Education is an integral part.

The President of Senegal, Macky Sall, and his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, are co-chairing the Dakar conference whose objective is to raise funds to support education. It is bringing together Heads of State, ministers, leaders of UN agencies and civil society organizations, as well as representatives of the private sector and over 1,000 education stakeholders.

“Education must become the priority in development aid. We are here to mobilize more aid, support national efforts, and make education a shared responsibility,” said Ms Azoulay.

According to UNESCO’s Global Education Monitoring Report, aid to education worldwide has declined by 4% since 2010. Education aid to sub-Saharan Africa, home to half of the world’s out-of-school children, has declined by 50% from 2002 to 2015. It is estimated that $39 billion will be required annually to achieve universal education from early childhood to the secondary level in low and middle-income countries.

The Director-General is advocating for education as un unequalled force for change to build more equitable and inclusive societies. She will highlight the need for partnerships to provide States with the tools and know-how needed to develop quality educational systems. UNESCO alone disposes of the statistic, standard-setting and strategic instruments required to meet the specific needs of each country.

Ms Azoulay will address the conference on the morning of 2 February (9.30 am) and again during the afternoon session (2 to 4 pm) in the presence of Heads of State. She will also hold bilateral talks with Heads of State, government ministers and UN agency leaders in the course of the two-day event.

The Director-General is also visiting Pikine, the second largest city in Senegal, where UNESCO is contributing to the empowerment of vulnerable groups, notably girls and women, through several programmes concerning, for example, literacy and sustainable urban development.

On 3 February, the Director-General will visit the Island of Saint-Louis, inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2000, along with the Presidents of Senegal and France. The visit will take place in the framework of a joint project involving UNESCO, the World Bank and France to contain coastal erosion, which is threatening cultural and natural heritage.

****

Media contacts:

In Dakar, Marion Piccio, UNESCO Office, Multisectoral Regional Office for West Africa (Sahel), +221 772208494, m.piccio@unesco.org

In Paris, Laetitia Kaci, UNESCO Media Services, +33 1 45 68 17 72, l.kaci@unesco.org

 

Categories: News

EU Support to Civil Society in Turkey

Europaid - Thu, 02/01/2018 - 12:57
Categories: News

Countries of all income levels nurturing a digital economy

Unesco Most Programme - Thu, 02/01/2018 - 10:43
focus_digital_economy_shutterstock_dpl_en.jpg © UNESCO

The digital market is dominated by 100 or so multinational companies, one-third of which did not exist a decade ago. However, countries of all income levels are developing policies and infrastructure to capitalize on the dynamism of this sector and promote further growth, observes the UNESCO Science Report (2015). To what extent are corporate digital giants driving the development of digital economies around the world?

In the first ranking of its kind, UNCTAD’s World Investment Report 2017: Investment and the Digital Economy, revealed that three countries were home to 75% of the top 100 digital multinational enterprises, including internet platforms, e-commerce and digital content firms. Sixty were from the USA and  a further 15 from the UK and Germany. The report found that digital firms were expanding at a dramatically faster rate than other multinationals.

For its part, the UNESCO Science Report (2015) found that European multinationals were losing ground in the digital economy when it came to innovation. Although EU-based companies accounted for 30% of total spending on research and development (R&D) by the world’s top 2 500 companies in 2014, only two EU companies figured in the top ten for performers of R&D and both were in the automotive sector: Volkswagen and Daimler. The report observed that ‘the principal EU giants specializing in hardware within the digital economy (Siemens, Ericsson, Nokia) have even lost a lot of ground in the past decade in global R&D rankings’, even if the German-based software and IT services company SAP had recently joined the global top 50 for R&D performers.

‘The EU’s attempts to replicate a Silicon Valley-type experience have not lived up to expectations,’ analyses the UNESCO Science Report, citing the example of the technology cluster in central and east London known as Tech City. The EU is attempting to correct this structural weakness through its Digital Agenda for Europe, which sets out to exploit the potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) better by promoting a digital single market. The Digital Agenda is part of Europe 2020, the EU’s decadal strategy for fostering smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.

Europe 2020 has been echoed by the countries of Southeast Europe, which share a common desire to adopt the EU’s science-oriented innovation model. Their own SEE 2020 Strategy prioritizes smart growth through education and competencies, research and innovation, a digital society and cultural and creative sectors.

France announced its Industry of the Future project in April 2015. The project rewards companies which modernize with tax cuts and advantageous loans. It focuses on nine priority markets: new resources; sustainable cities; ecological mobility; transportation of tomorrow; medicine of the future; the data economy; intelligent objects; digital confidence; and intelligent food. A first call for project proposals focused on future-oriented fields such as 3D printing, augmented reality and connected objects.

France is planning to develop joint initiatives with Germany through the latter’s own Industry 4.0 project, a reference to the fourth industrial revolution[SS1] . The six guiding principles of Industry 4.0 are: interoperability (between cyber-physical systems and humans), virtualization (through which cyber-physical systems monitor production), decentralization (with cyber-physical systems making independent decisions), real-time capability (to analyse production data), service orientation (internally but also by offering individualized products) and modularity (adapting to changing requirements).

Meanwhile, Europe’s competitors have also been investing in research on the digitization of industry, recalls the UNESCO Science Report. Examples are the Chinese Internet of Things Centre, the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership in the USA and the Indian Cyberphysical Systems Innovation Hub.

USA home to some of the most innovative technology

Some of the most innovative technology is coming out of ICT giants in the USA. The UNESCO Science Report cites the example of Amazon, which has developed services like Pantry to meet consumer needs in almost real time: a pilot scheme allows a user to re-order a household consumable by pressing a physical button.

Another example is Facebook, which is developing virtual reality technology based on its acquisition of Oculus Rift, an approach that will integrate people into the digital environment, rather than the other way round. The small sensors that facilitate this connectivity are also being applied in industry and health care.

New enterprises are also experimenting with the use of data from personal activity trackers to manage chronic diseases like diabetes.

General Electric, meanwhile, is investing in sensor technology to collect more information about the performance of its aeroplane engines in flight, since it relies on service contracts for much of its revenue.

Perhaps the most ambitious project of all is the self-driving car being developed by a number of American multinationals, including Google and Tesla.

Media and entertainment the top digital industry

It is, however, the media and entertainment industry that has become the top digital industry, according to the UNCTAD report, followed by retail and high technology.

Cultural goods have become an economic driver in today’s digital age. UNESCO’s 2016 report on the Globalisation of Cultural Goods observed that global trade in cultural goods had doubled between 2004 and 2013, despite the global financial crisis of 2008–2009 and a massive shift among film-goers and music lovers towards web-based services. The digitization of products has had an enormous impact on cultural industries. Trade in recorded music has declined by 27% since 2004, for instance, and that in movies by 88%, even as audio-visual services as a whole have gained ground.

The Republic of Korea is no exception. After decades of relying on large conglomerates to drive the economy, the country is striving to become more entrepreneurial and creative. The challenge ‘will be to foster a creative culture in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and to turn the regions into hubs for creative industries,’ observes the UNESCO Science Report.

One example of the government’s approach is the Creative Economy Town, an offline and online platform which allows individuals to share and commercialize their ideas; professionals from relevant fields act as mentors, providing legal advice on intellectual property rights and other issues and connecting budding innovators with companies which have the potential to market their ideas. A second example is the Innovation Centre for the Creative Economy set up by the government in 2014 in Daejeon, which serves as a business incubator.

In Japan, too, the government has been promoting creative industries. The Cool Japan Initiative spawned the adoption of the Cool Japan Fund Inc. in November 2013, created by law to help Japan’s creative industries spread their wings abroad.

With investor confidence low since the global financial crisis in 2008, Japanese firms have been reluctant to raise research spending or take risks. The UNESCO Science Report suggests that ‘Japanese industry can use its technological strength to satisfy global demand with system-oriented, network-based innovation supported by ICTs.’ It cites the potential for Japan to promote creative industries in such areas as digital contents, online services, tourism and Japanese cuisine.’

The government itself is promoting ‘smartization’, ‘systemization’ and ‘globalization’ through its Comprehensive Strategy for STI (2013), which identifies ICTs, nanotechnology and environmental technology as priority cross-cutting areas.

In Latin America, meanwhile, several countries have followed in Brazil’s footsteps by introducing sectorial funds over the past decade for the software industry, agribusiness and other sectors. These funds receive money via taxes levied on specific industrial or service sectors which are then used to foster innovation in the same sector. FONSOFT in Argentina and PROSOFT in Mexico, for example, provide SMEs with competitive funding to help them improve their productivity and innovative capacity.

Governments are nurturing the digital economy

Governments are nurturing a digital economy in other ways, through investment in e-governance and smart cities, those futuristic urban centres which use ICTs to improve public services, such as transportation, health care and utilities providing electricity and water. In China, for instance, the Ministry of Housing and Urban and Rural Development had selected 193 cities and economic development zones by 2013 to be official smart city pilot sites. Other ministries are also supporting the development of smart cities, including through the development of industrial alliances, in line with the Twelfth Five-Year Plan to 2015.

In Sri Lanka, some 800 telecentres (nensalas) were set up across the country in the decade to 2015 to connect communities of farmers, students and small entrepreneurs to information, learning and trading opportunities.

Governments are also nurturing digital entrepreneurs through technoparks and technology and innovation hubs. All three of Morocco’s technoparks host start-ups and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) specializing in ICTs, along with green technologies and cultural industries. These technoparks are supported by the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Investment and the Digital Economy.

By 2014, there were over 90 technology hubs across Africa, including iHub in Kenya, BongoHive in Zambia, SmartXchange in South Africa and Hive Colab in Uganda. These hubs are developing mobile phone applications in sectors ranging from agriculture and health to crowdsourcing weather information for disaster risk reduction. In parallel, African governments are putting infrastructure in place. The Uganda Investment Authority, for instance, works in conjunction with the government to facilitate private sector investment. The ICT sector has seen high levels of investment in recent years to install fibre-optic cables and related equipment, as well as broadband infrastructure.

iHub was something of a pioneer in Kenya. This innovation hub was set up in Nairobi in 2010 by an independent technologist named Erik Hersmen to provide an open space for the technology community. iHub has forged ties with several multinational coporations, including Google, Nokia and Samsung, as well as with the Kenya government’s ICT Board. In August 2013, the government established the Information and Communication Authority to provide centralized management of all related government functions. This is one of the concrete outputs of the Kenya National ICT Master Plan: towards a Digital Kenya, which runs to 2018.

There has been ‘an explosion in ICT activity’ in Kenya in recent years, according to the UNESCO Science Report. Nailab started out as a private company in 2011. Two years later, the Kenyan government partnered with this incubator for start-up digital businesses to launch a US$1.6 million, a three-year technology incubation programme. The funds will enable Nailab to help start-ups in other Kenyan cities and towns to access information and capital.

Among other developing countries ‘going digital’ is Bangladesh. The government created a High-tech Authority in 2010 by act of Parliament as part of a drive to achieve a Digital Bangladesh by 2021. The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology is planning to develop an information technology park and a software technology park.

How beneficial are foreign multinationals for company growth?

In Israel, some of the most dynamic digital start-ups can be found in an innovation hub called CyberSpark. CyberSpark was set up by the Israeli government in 2014 to promote cybersecurity, after a wave of cyberattacks. Half of the firms at CyberSpark are Israeli and most are SMEs. Within a year of CyberSpark’s founding, several Israeli start-ups had been acquired by foreign multinational companies, including Intellinx, purchased by Bottomline Technologies, and Cyvera, purchased by Palo Alto Networks.

Technology-based start-ups need venture capital to grow. Israel’s venture capital industry is one of the biggest outside the USA and the research centres of foreign multinationals are investing a considerable amount of venture capital in the Israeli economy. Why then are Israeli companies not growing as fast as one would expect? For the UNESCO Science Report, ‘the share of venture capital being invested in the growth stages of enterprises has tended to flourish at the expense of early stage-investments. This trend could penalize the start-ups which are such an integral part of Israel’s innovation system’.

This data are eloquent. The majority of digital patents are being filed by foreigners: almost 80% of applications to the Israel Patent Office since 2002. The UNESCO Science Report observes that, ‘although the Israeli economy benefits from the activity of the multinationals’ subsidiaries through job creation and other means, the advantages are relatively small compared to the potential economic gains that might have been achieved, had this intellectual property been utilized to support and foster the expansion of mature Israeli companies of a considerable size.’

Is hosting digital multinationals good for job and value creation?

‘Digital multinational enterprises make about 70% of their sales abroad, with only 40% of their assets based outside home countries’, according to the UNCTAD report. ‘This results in the creation of fewer jobs directly in host countries’, even if it helps to develop a domestic digital economy.

Costa Rica has certainly benefited from the arrival of Intel, Hewlett Packard and IBM in the late 1990s, according to the UNESCO Science Report. More than 300 companies produce software for local and international markets today, making Costa Rica’s software sector one of Latin America’s most dynamic industries. High-tech goods accounted for about 45% of Costa Rica’s manufactured exports in 2013, far more than any other Latin American country, although this market has been affected by the departure of Intel in 2014.

India is also heavily dependent on foreign digital multinational firms. In 2013, 93% of Indian IT patents were secured by foreign-owned multinationals, up from 85% in 2008. Pharmaceutical companies, on the other hand, tend to be owned by Indians but their contribution to the country’s intellectual property is shrinking. Whereas 32% of utility patents granted in India went to pharmaceutical companies in 1997, this share had shrunk to 9% by 2012. IT patents have gone in the opposite direction, accounting for just under 12% of Indian utility patents in 1997 but as much as 61% in 2012.

Foreign multinational companies have undoubtedly nurtured India’s information technology (IT) industry but the country has also experienced what has been termed ‘jobless growth’ in recent years. The services sector has fuelled economic growth but this growth has not generated mass employment, since only about one-quarter of Indians work in the services sector.

This has prompted the Modi government to prioritize the development of export-oriented manufacturing. ‘Come manufacture in India!’, the prime minister proclaimed in a speech shortly after his election in 2014. The IT industry accounted for just under 10% of industrial investment in research and development (R&D) in India in 2010, behind pharmaceuticals (28%) and the automotive industry (14%). With innovation being concentrated in just nine industries, the UNESCO Science Report underscores the need for India to broaden its innovation culture, if it is to develop export-oriented manufacturing.

Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (published in 2015)

Categories: News

Launch of the Global Education Monitoring Report 2017/18, in Sikasso, Mali (in French)

Unesco Most Programme - Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:35
lancementgem201718mali.jpg © UNESCO

Sikasso, le 19 janvier 2018 : L’UNESCO appuie le Gouvernement du Mali dans sa réflexion d’action sur l’éducation et la formation.

Au Mali, le lancement du Rapport Mondial de Suivi sur l'éducation (GEMR) de 2017/18 a eu lieu à Sikasso, le 19 janvier 2018. La cérémonie était présidée par le Ministre de l’éducation nationale, avec à ses côtés, le Gouverneur de la région de Sikasso, le maire de la ville de Sikasso, le Représentant de l’UNESCO au Mali, et la Secrétaire Générale de la Commission malienne pour l’UNESCO. On notait comme participants à cette grande cérémonie de lancement, tous les responsables des structures éducatives aux niveaux central et déconcentré, les acteurs de la société civile, des partenaires de l’éducation et de la formation, les étudiants, les élèves et de nombreux jeunes.

Cette initiative avait pour objectifs, a) d’illuminer les décideurs sur les différentes manières de rendre des comptes, en fonction du contexte, ainsi que sur les avantages et les inconvénients de chaque méthode, b) d’échanger sur les principales recommandations concrètes énoncées dans le rapport qui intéressent les responsables des politiques nationales, régionales et mondiales, c) partager et mieux informer sur le Rapport Mondial de Suivi sur l’Education aux acteurs de l’éducation et d’asseoir son rôle en tant qu’instrument de plaidoyer essentiel pour suivre les progrès réalisés en direction des cibles des Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) en rapport avec l’éducation.

Le Représentant de l’UNESCO, Mr Hervé Huot-Marchand, a rappelé l’importance de l’objectif de développement durable numéro 4 (ODD4) dont l’UNESCO assure le lead au niveau international pour sa mise en œuvre d’ici 2030 suivant l’Agenda international dans lequel les Pays se sont engagés. Il a insisté sur le fait que le rapport souligne que l’obligation de rendre des comptes aide à progresser face aux défis de l’éducation, qui sont encore nombreux malgré les progrès réalisés par les Etats. Enumérant ces défis, il a poursuivi en rappelant que « si l’éducation est de la responsabilité de tous, (partenaires internationaux, société civile, étudiants, élèves), ce sont d’abord les Gouvernements, qui assument cette responsabilité, par ce qu’ils sont appelés au premier chef à garantir le droit à l’éducation ».

Le Ministre de l’Education Nationale, Monsieur Housseïni Amion GUINDO, a quant à lui réaffirmé que « le Mali est engagé dans la réalisation des objectifs de Développement Durable pour l’Horizon 2030 et spécifiquement l’ODD4 qui concerne le Secteur de l’Education à travers la réalisation de ses dix (10) cibles. Comme réalisations et perspectives, le Département a organisé un atelier sur l’alignement de l’ODD4 avec le Programme Décennal de Développement de l’Education, deuxième génération. Ce programme, est en cours de finalisation ». Je mets dira-t-il « cette tribune à profit pour renouveler mon engagement personnel, ainsi que celui du Gouvernement du Mali, à mettre en œuvre raisonnablement ce cadre d’action ».

L’atelier a permis aux nombreux participants d’échanger sur les analyses et recommandations du rapport, et notamment sur les éléments en rapport avec le Mali, pour améliorer le secteur de l’éducation et la formation.

Categories: News

Get ready for World Radio Day 2018

Unesco Most Programme - Tue, 01/30/2018 - 15:59
wrd2018-hero-tennis.png © UNESCO 30 January 2018

If you are organising an event or on-air programme to mark World Radio Day 2018, be sure to add it to the global events map at www.worldradioday.org!

The seventh edition of World Radio Day will be held on 13 February 2018 under the theme: Radio and Sports, with all radio stations, regulatory bodies and related organisations invited to celebrate radio and its contribution to democratic debate through information, entertainment and audience interaction.

As we look forward to a year of momentous sporting events - events that have the ability to unite the hearts and minds of people everywhere - we call on all radio stations around the world to showcase the beauty of sports in all of its diversity. Let's celebrate the traditional sports that connect us to our cultural heritage, the grassroots sports that anchor within our communities, and the inspiring stories that challenge gender stereotypes and covers, equally, both men's and women's sports events. 

World Radio Day 2018 will focus on the following UNESCO sub-themes:

  • Diversity in Sports Coverage: ​Through the coverage of traditional and grassroots games, radio can reconnect people with their cultural heritage, promoting freedom of expression and diversity through cultural expression;
  • Gender Equality in Sports Coverage: Sports coverage is hugely powerful in shaping norms and stereotypes about gender. Radio has the ability to challenge these norms, promoting a balanced coverage of men's and women's sports and a fair portrayal of sportspeople irrespective of gender;
  • Peace and Development through Sports Coverage: Through greater coverage of sports for peace and development iniatives, the universal values of non-violence, solidarity and tolerance are recognized and celebrated. 

The World Radio Day 2018 website (www.worldradioday.org) is live -  with rights-free content, new broadcast packages, articles and blogs.

Please feel free to add your event or on-air programme to our World Radio Day 2018 global map so people around the world can tune in to hear what you have to say on World Radio Day.

World Radio Day was first celebrated in 2012, following its declaration by the UNESCO General Conference. It was subsequently adopted as an International Day by the United Nations General Assembly. Previous annual themes have included gender equality, youth participation, radio in humanitarian and disaster situations, and "Radio is You!" In past years, World Radio Day has seen wide success, with over 500 events taking place wordwide in 2017.

For more ideas on how to participate, contact Belinda Gurd at 

b.gurd@unesco.org'; // -->

 and/or Aditi Tyagi at a.tyagi@unesco.org.

 

 

Categories: News

With UNESCO’s support, the Albanian Media Council becomes operational

Unesco Most Programme - Tue, 01/30/2018 - 11:20
news_300118_albania.jpg Albanian Media Council© UNESCO 30 January 2018Thanks to UNESCO’s support within the EU-funded project “Building Trust in Media in South East Europe”, the Albanian Media Council is receiving funding to set up an office and a website, to start operating and to take part in various training and international events.

“It is a very good development for the region and for Albania. An enabling environment for freedom of expression and a self-regulatory deontological framework are essential elements to ensure that the press can freely and fully perform its task of informing the citizens,” said UNESCO Programme Specialist Marius Lukosiunas.

Officially registered in December 2015, the Albanian Media Council is the newest self-regulatory body in South East Europe. The signing of a partnership with UNESCO in summer 2017, enabled the setting up of its office in September 2017 and the organization of its first board meeting in October 2017.

“The formal launching of our new media council was a long awaited moment. Albania has been lacking a stable and independent institution to handle readers’ complaints about media’s professional ethics. Now that we have managed to set up a self-regulatory body, we need to promote it and make sure that it is being used by our citizens,” said Sokol Shameti, a founding member of the Albanian Media Council.

As part of the project activities, the Albanian Media Council also launched its website, a key tool to communicate on the role and benefits of media self-regulation and hopefully to start receiving complaints from Albanian citizens about the potential breach of the journalistic code of ethics.

“We need to be visible as an institution working in the interest of the readers and media consumers in Albania. Thanks to our new website, we hope that citizens will better understand that they have the right to seek and receive proper ethical information and that they have a right to complain in case they are not satisfied. The project is also trying to start the foundations of a database recording the breaches of the Albanian code of ethics through close monitoring of online media” continued Koloreto Cukali, another founding member of the body.

The website ─ available in Albanian and English ─ features a code of ethics section, a collection of the decisions of the press council and a complaint form. To be accepted, a complaint must refer to a specific breach of the journalistic code of ethics such as non-compliance with the principles of « accuracy, fairness, and balance in the printed and digital news report ». Moreover, the complaint can only be accepted if the news organization presumed to have breached the code of ethics was contacted. The decisions taken by the media council will be kept in a database, accessible online. The website also provides a list of links to other Albanian authorities involved in media regulation.

"In parallel to increasing our visibility towards the population, we also focus our work on getting as many journalists and media organizations joining the Media Council and adhering to the code of ethics. There has been resistance in the past but I am optimistic, as the need for self-regulation has become much more apparent than before. Albanian journalists know that they need to rely on each other", said Blendi Salaj a founding member of the Albanian Media Council.

The Project Building Trust in Media in South East Europe aims to support freedom of expression, access to information and free, independent and pluralistic media by reinforcing national media accountability mechanisms, increasing media internal governance and strengthening media and information literacy.

Website of the Albanian Media Council: http://kshm.al/en/albanian-media-council/

Categories: News

How much does education cost in Senegal? (in French)

Unesco Most Programme - Mon, 01/29/2018 - 17:41
comptesnationauxeducationsenegal.jpg © UNESCO

Dakar accueille la 3ème conférence de reconstitution des fonds du Partenariat mondial pour l’éducation le 1er et le 2 février 2018. Cette conférence a pour but de récolter 3,1 milliards de dollars sur la période 2018-2020, afin de pouvoir financer l’éducation des centaines de millions de filles et de garçons qui, à travers le monde, n’y ont toujours pas accès. En prélude à cette conférence internationale, l’UNESCO Dakar organise un panel de haut niveau sur les comptes nationaux de l’éducation (CNE) du Sénégal, l’occasion de partager l’expérience du pays dans ce domaine.

Le choix porté sur le Sénégal pour abriter cette conférence du PME, après le Danemark en 2011 et la Belgique en 2014, repose sur la reconnaissance par la communauté internationale des efforts soutenus du gouvernement en matière d’éducation et de formation. En effet Le Sénégal est souvent cité en modèle pour ce qui concerne les allocations budgétaires en faveur du secteur et la qualité de son Programme d’amélioration de la qualité, de l’équité et de la transparence dans l’éducation (PAQUET).

Mais qu’en est-il exactement et combien coûte l’éducation au Sénégal ? Qui la finance (l’Etat, les ménages, les collectivités locales, l’aide extérieur, etc.) ? Pour quelles priorités politiques et quelles natures économiques ? Quels sont les coûts et les financements aux différents sous-secteurs d’éducation ? Autant de questions auxquelles tentera de répondre le panel organisé par l’UNESCO avec pour objectif de partager l’expérience sénégalaise, dans l’élaboration des CNE, en rappelant les réussites, les difficultés, les opportunités et les perspectives rencontrées lors des différentes étapes du processus mais également de discuter de la contribution des différents acteurs dans le financement du secteur de l’éducation et de la formation, dans une perspective de mobilisation accrue des ressources face aux défis liés à la croissance démographique, aux objectifs de politique et au contexte économique.

La restitution réunira toutes les familles d’acteurs du financement du secteur de l’éducation afin de discuter des résultats concernant la constante progression de leurs efforts d’investissements dans le secteur. Ce sera l’occasion d’une réflexion concernant les politiques de financement de la stratégie du secteur de l’éducation, PAQUET 2018-2030.

Pour rappel, suite à l’accompagnement initial du Partenariat mondial pour l’éducation, l’UNESCO Dakar a appuyé l’élaboration et la finalisation des CNE à travers son programme de développement des capacités pour l’éducation (CapED) avec l’appui technique de l’Institut international de planification de l’éducation (IIPE) de l’UNESCO.

Pour en savoir plus : http://www.unesco.org/new/fr/dakar/education/sector-wide-policy-and-planning/

Categories: News

MAB Youth delegates to participate in the 2018 ECOSOC Youth Forum

Unesco Most Programme - Mon, 01/29/2018 - 11:55
ecosoc_youth_forum_2018.jpg © UNESCO

Four MAB Youth delegates who attended the MAB Youth Forum in September 2017, held at the Po Delta Biosphere Reserve in Italy, will participate in the 2018 Youth Forum of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), to be held on 30-31 January 2018 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

The theme of this year’s ECOSOC Youth Forum is ‘The role of youth in building sustainable and resilient urban and rural communities’. The forum will provide a platform for youth to engage in a dialogue with Member States to discuss policy frameworks and promote innovative, institutionalized approaches and initiatives for advancing the youth development agenda at national, regional and global levels, with a view to promoting solutions to the global challenge of strengthening resilience and sustainable development.

This two-day event will feature plenary sessions, interactive thematic and regionally based discussions and perspectives. It will provide an opportunity for a rich exchange of views and ideas on innovative solutions to issues of relevance to young people. It will also address implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, structured around the SDG’s under review in the Economic and Social Council and the High-level Political Forum in 2018.

The four MAB Youth delegates will participate in the thematic breakout session on SDG 15 ‘Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss’. They will also share their experiences during a side-event on ‘MAB Youth – Committed to Sustainable Development’ hosted by UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme.

For more information:

www.un.org/ecosoc/en/node/2641005 
https://en.unesco.org/mab-youth  

Categories: News

UNESCO launches a pioneering tool to monitor water quality

Unesco Most Programme - Fri, 01/26/2018 - 17:52
focus_waterquality_portal_mekong_dpl2.jpg © IIWQ World Water Quality Portal, UNESCO / EOMAP 26 January 2018

A new World Water Quality Portal, launched by UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP), provides information on freshwater quality at the global scale using remote sensing data. Water quality affects human health, as well as ecosystems, biodiversity, food production and economic growth. While improving water quality worldwide is essential to sustainable development, reliable data is scarce, especially in remote areas and developing countries where monitoring networks and capacity are lacking. The IIWQ World Water Quality Portal addresses an urgent need to enhance the knowledge base and access to information in order to better understand the impacts of climate- and human-induced change on water security. It will facilitate science-based, informed decision-making for water management and support Member States’ efforts in implementing the Sustainable Development Goal on water and sanitation (SDG 6), as well as several other Goals and Targets that are linked directly to water quality and water pollution.

The portal, which was developed in the framework of UNESCO-IHP’s International Initiative on Water Quality (IIWQ), provides data on five key indicators of the state of water quality: turbidity and sedimentation distribution, chlorophyll-a, Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB), organic absorption and surface temperature. These indicators also provide information on the impact of other sectors and land uses such as urban areas, fertilizer use in agriculture, climate change or dam and reservoir management. For example, tracking changes in turbidity (the degree to which light is backscattered by particles in the water) is useful when monitoring sediment plumes from dredging and dumping activities. Chlorophyll-a is a pigment found in phytoplankton cells, while the HAB indicator shows possible areas affected by harmful algae blooms formed by cyanobacteria containing phycocyanin. The Portal uses optical data from Landsat and Sentinel-2 satellites, which are open access, and a computational system, developed by EOMAP, Germany.

 

In this demonstration phase, the IIWQ World Water Quality Portal provides time-series data for seven river basins and surface water resources in all regions of the world, monitoring these five indicators since January 2016. The demonstration basins and regions are: Lake Sevan in the Caucasus highlands (Armenia and Azerbaijan); the Itaipu Reservoir and Parana River Basin (Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay); the Mecklenburg Lake Plateau (Germany); the River Nile and Aswan Reservoir (Egypt and Sudan); the Mekong Delta (Vietnam); the Florida Lakes (USA); and the Zambezi River Basin (Zambia and Zimbabwe). It also includes training materials to facilitate capacity building and raise awareness of all stakeholders, including water professionals, policy-makers, and the public at large.

On the occasion of the launch of the Portal, an Experts Meeting on “Water Quality Monitoring using Earth Observation and Satellite-based Information” was organized on 22-23 January 2018 in order to explore the potential of Earth Observation in filling the global data gap on water quality. Among the institutions represented, the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), the Japan Aerospace exploration Agency (JAXA), and the European Space Agency (ESA), expressed their interest in collaborating with UNESCO-IHP’s IIWQ to further develop the Portal. The representatives of these organizations and several Member States highlighted the Portal’s role in promoting of the use of scientific data for policy-making and in raising awareness of the value of satellite data for water resources management and monitoring.

 

An exhibition entitled “Water Quality from the Space - Mesmerizing Images of Earth Observation” was also shown at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris (22-26 January) to mark the launch of the Portal. It presents results of the demonstration phase and features a collection of Earth observation images, displaying the state of water quality in major rivers, lakes, reservoirs and coastal deltas around the world. It stresses the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems and shows the full potential of Earth Observation for global water assessment.

The portal is a further addition to the set of tools provided by UNESCO to help Member States monitor and manage water resources sustainably and reach the Sustainable Development Goals. These include interactive databases such as the Water Information Network System, and regular assessment and monitoring publications such as the annual World Water Development Report, and reports to monitor progess on the indicators of SDG6, the first of which will be released in June 2018.

For further information, contact: Ms Sarantuyaa Zandaryaa (s.zandaryaa@unesco.org).

 

 

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