Debates on the relation between economic growth and environmental degradation do exist since old times. On top of a deep understanding of the context in which the question emerges, a proper answer this critical question requires a deep understanding of the direct effects of growth on natural resources as well as the feedback responses by affected population. This paper investigates how the huge reduction of poverty that Nepal experienced over the last decade has affected Himalayan forests. It then analyses how households, the primary collectors of forest products have reacted to the change in their ecological, institutional and economic environment. Based on the Nepalese experience, the policy brief draws conclusions and suggests recommendations which could guide action in other context as well.
Image: Michon, Geneviève