Mexico, with a 1.964.375 km² area, is not only one of the most territorial extensive countries of Latin America, but also one of the most populated, with approximately 112 million inhabitants according to the 2010 Population Census. The country is also one of the most unequal, as in 2014 approximately
46% of the population lived in poverty conditions (CONEVAL, 2015). In the same way, it is one of the most violent. In recent years, Mexico has experienced a notable increase in criminal activity, which has impacted every sector of society. The upsurge of violence is recognized as a problem of social and public health, a serious social epidemic that manifests itself not only in the number of deaths or mortality rates, but also in the quantity, intensity, and variety of ways in which violence manifested. This phenomenon has gone on to have detrimental effects on individual and collective life, in the deterioration of quality of life and the health conditions of the population.
Image: IRD - Emperaire, Laure